The great iconic Neolithic monuments of Orkney are not the beginning of the story of people in the islands. It’s now recognised that this began with the arrival of hunter-gatherers some 10,000 years ago. The discovery of this long-lost part of Orkney’s past is due in particular to the immense commitment and ability of Caroline-Wickham Jones. Through her own research and with the encouragement of others we have a far richer understanding of the early history of Scotland. The legacy of her work, including investigations in the Bay of Firth and the Lochs of Stenness and Harray, is described by Prof. Richard Bates (University of St Andrews) and Prof. Martin Bates (University of Wales Trinity St David) from the Rising Tides project team.